Gavel Grab

Archive for the ‘Access to Justice’ Category

Law Profs: Don't Find Lawyers 'Guilty by Association' With Clients

CapitolflagMore than 1,000 law professors have written to leaders of the Senate Judiciary Committee voicing their “deep concern” about the debate that surrounded the Senate’s vote on attorney Debo Adegbile’s nomination for a top Justice Department post.

During the debate, some critics voiced opposition to the nomination based in part on Adegbile’s having represented the convicted killer of a police officer.  The Senate went on to block Adegbile’s confirmation at least temporarily (see Gavel Grab). According to the Legal Ethics Forum blog, the law professors wrote:

“While we do not take a position on this or any other nominee, we are deeply concerned that the vote and the rationale publicly articulated by a majority of Senators rejecting Mr. Adegbile sends a message that goes to several core values of the legal profession. These include the right to counsel, the importance of pro bono representation, and the importance of ensuring that constitutional protections are afforded to every criminal defendant regardless of the crimes for which they are accused.” Read more

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Retraction Asked for Political Ad About Lawyer's Defense Work

James R. Silkenat, the American Bar Association president, has written the Republican Governors Association and asked it to take down a political ad that disparages a candidate for his legal defense work.

In South Carolina, Gov. Nikki Haley, a Republican, is opposed for reelection by Vincent Shaheen, a Democrat, attorney and state senator. A screen shot from the ad states: “Vincent Shaheen. Protects criminals. Not South Carolina.”

“The Republican Governors Association ad sends a disturbing message to lawyers — that their clients’ past actions or beliefs will stain their own careers, especially if they want to serve their country in public office,” Silkenat wrote to the governors group and New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, its chairman, according to The State newspaper. Read more

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Essay: 'Flawed' Jury Rule in Louisiana Deserves Overturning

louisiana-quarterIn a lengthy Atlantic commentary, legal journalist Andrew Cohen shines a light on an unusual rule governing jury trials in Louisiana and only one other state, Oregon. The rule permits a verdict without a unanimous jury.

The U.S. Supreme Court will decide in a conference on Friday whether to take up one of several cases asking for review of the Louisiana statute. Cohen presents history and case law outlining an argument that in Louisiana, the non-unanimous jury verdict rule was “born of white supremacy,” has in fact denied access to justice to some defendants through a “flawed” system, and warrants overturning. It takes 10 out of 12 jury votes to convict a defendant in Louisiana. Cohen writes:

“What does this rule really do? It increases by a significant degree the odds of a conviction following trial. But it also means that prosecutors can comply with their constitutional obligations to permit blacks and other minority citizens to serve as jurors but then effectively nullify the votes of those jurors should they vote to acquit. That precise scenario has happened in some cases that ultimately resulted in wrongful convictions. The Supreme Court has the opportunity to finally end this practice, which is unjust both in its intent and its effect.”

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Hiring to Begin to Fill U.S. Defender Jobs Lost to Cuts

With a new federal fiscal 2014 budget providing increased funding, hiring can begin to fill about 350 of 400 positions in federal defender offices where employees were lost due to across-the-board budget cuts, court officials said this week.

Chief Judge William Traxler Jr., chairman of the  executive committee for the Judicial Conference of the United States, made the announcement on Tuesday, according to the Blog of Legal Times.

Congress approved in January a fiscal 2014 appropriations bill that increased discretionary spending for the courts by $316 million, and restored a majority of the $350 million that was cut under the across-the-board reductions called “sequestration.” This appropriation gives the judiciary “a little bit of breathing room,” Judge Traxler said, but uncertainty remains about the next fiscal year’s budget. 

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Report Documents U.S. 'Access to Justice' Gap

In the United States, where there is no right to legal counsel in civil disputes,  a major “access to justice gap” affects women, minorities and immigrants disproportionately, according to a new report.

“In the United States, millions of people are forced to go it alone when they’re facing a crisis,” Risa Kaufman, acting co-director of the Columbia Law School’s Human Rights Clinic, told NPR. Advocates at the clinic prepared the report. “It’s a human rights crisis, and the United States is really losing ground with the rest of the world.”

Some states and cities are working to develop innovative programs, including one in New York to offer lawyers to immigrants who are facing deportation. Kaufman added, “We’re really recommending the U.S. government step up…that it support state level efforts to establish a right to counsel in certain civil cases, that the U.S. ease restrictions and increase funding for the Legal Services Corporation.”



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Will Senate's 'Adegbile Treatment' Affect Access to Justice?

More analysts are sounding alarms about the impact on criminal defendants’ access to justice after the Senate voted to block at least temporarily the nomination of Debo Adegbile, a respected civil rights lawyer, for the Justice Department’s top civil rights post (see Gavel Grab).

The nomination drew repeated criticism from senators because Adegbile had helped represent the convicted killer of a police officer. At The Root, Keli Goff warned of a chilling effect on defendants’ access to representation:

“[T]he message sent by Adegbile’s treatment is that if you represent someone controversial early in your career—even though the Constitution guarantees everyone the right to adequate representation—you may suffer professionally for it later. Read more

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JAS: Will Best Lawyers Shy From Representing Accused Criminals?

The U.S. Senate’s blocking at least temporarily the nomination of Debo Adegbile, a respected civil rights lawyer, to a top Justice Department post (see Gavel Grab) has big implications for defenders of fair and impartial courts, Justice at Stake’s Praveen Fernandes said in an interview available on YouTube.

Because some senators voiced opposition based on Adegbile’s having represented a defendant convicted of killing a police officer, such concerns could spill over to other lawyers and  lead to their reticence to handle cases of accused criminals, said Fernandes, who is JAS director of federal affairs and diversity initiatives.

“To the extent that people, lawyers, are being penalized for their representation of criminal defendants, there’s a real concern in the fair courts community that this will lead to bright lawyers avoiding representing criminal defendants,” Fernandes said. Read more

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Broader Questions Raised by Senate's Blocking Nominee, a Lawyer

On Wednesday, the U.S. Senate blocked at least temporarily the nomination of Debo Adegbile, a respected civil rights lawyer, to a top Justice Department job; opponents focused on Adegbile’s having represented the convicted murderer of a police officer and having helped save him from the death penalty.

The procedural vote, in which a handful of Democrats joined Republicans critical of Adegbile, immediately raised questions for some analysts and advocates. These questions included how Adegbile’s legal work on behalf of Mumia Abu-Jamal differed from U.S. Chief Justice John Roberts’s work as a private attorney on behalf of  death-row inmate John Ferguson, and how it reflected on the important work of lawyers who agree to defend accused criminals in unpopular cases.

“Some have called Mr. Adegbile a cop-killer advocate.’ Another word for that might be ‘lawyer,’” Jesse Wegman wrote in a New York Times blog. “In representing people like John Ferguson and Mumia Abu-Jamal, Chief Justice Roberts and Mr. Adegbile were doing what lawyers everywhere are trained to do. Particularly in death-penalty cases, it is critical to ensure that a defendant has adequate representation and that his trial, conviction and sentence do not violate the Constitution.”

A Huffington Post piece was entitled, “The Senate Decides Being A Lawyer Disqualifies You From Holding A Legal Post.” It quoted Republican Read more

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Iowa Bill for Expanded Access to Court Interpreters Advances

The Iowa Senate has passed legislation removing fees for people with limited English proficiency to use court interpreters and translators.

Gavel to Gavel, a publication of the National Center for State Courts, said the legislation now is before a state House committee. It requires that the judiciary pay for the interpreters and translators used in court proceedings.

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New 'Justice Index' Offers Online Database

NCAJThe National Center for Access to Justice at Cardozo Law School has launched an online database to measure access to civil legal assistance. It compares state-by-state data on such services as affordable legal counsel and foreign language interpreters, according to a New York Law Journal article.

The purpose of the Center’s “Justice Index” is  “to wake states up to the importance of providing their courts with essential resources to deliver on the American promise of equal justice,” said David Udell, director of the center, which is a Justice at Stake partner organization.

Bert Brandenburg, JAS executive director, said, “The new Justice Index is a unique and vital tool that will help states strengthen their commitment to ensuring access to justice for all. The data is rich, and the site is user-friendly. It allows users to view information in multiple ways that provide additional insight into courts’ current strengths, as well as those areas in which new accessibility goals can be set. We applaud the work done by the National Center for Access to Justice to help our state courts continue to function as the bedrock on which flourishing local economies and communities are built.”

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